العربية

Emotional intelligence (EQ): an essential skill for improving all aspects of your life

Emotional intelligence (EQ): an essential skill for improving all aspects of your life

 

Imagine a world where we do not comprehend each other's emotions, where we cannot determine if someone loves, hates, or is furious with us, and where we do not feel others understand our emotions and the things we do not say. Life would undoubtedly be mysterious, odd, and possibly cruel. This is where emotional intelligence comes into play, because without it, we would be losing out on a crucial aspect of human communication.

Many scientists argue that emotional intelligence is more important than cognitive intelligence (the ability to process and interpret information), and experiments have shown that people with high emotional intelligence can reach the highest ranks even if their cognitive intelligence is not very high, whereas people with low emotional intelligence cannot succeed in life no matter how smart they are.

We cannot cover all of the benefits of emotional intelligence in one article because it has an impact on professional, social, and marital life. Emotional intelligence is a vast ocean and a science that could be taught. Perhaps you are now wondering about this magical intelligence that has the ability to positively influence all aspects of life.

What is emotional intelligence?

Emotional intelligence (EQ) is the ability to recognize and control your own and others' emotions in positive ways to relieve stress, communicate effectively, sympathize with others, and overcome challenges and conflicts. Emotional intelligence also aids in the development of stronger relationships, academic and professional success, and the achievement of professional and personal objectives. It may also assist you in connecting with your emotions, translating your intentions into actions, and making appropriate decisions about what matters to you in life.

There are five components to emotional intelligence. "Daniel Goleman," a psychologist and writer, was the first to introduce the concept of emotional intelligence, which is made up of five components:

1. Self-awareness

Self-awareness is the ability to recognize one's own emotions and moods. Also, recognizing and understanding others' emotions, and knowing the extent to which they affect his behavior. It also includes keeping track of feelings and observing different emotional reactions.  Self-awareness includes being aware of the connection between our emotions and behavior, being aware of our strengths and weaknesses, being open to new experiences and ideas, and learning from social interactions.

2. Self-regulation

Self- regulation entails effectively expressing emotions, being adaptable, dealing with change, and managing conflict. It also refers to the ability to manage difficult situations and recognize the degree to which one's actions affect others, as well as how to manage the surrounding situations and circumstances in his and the general interests.

3. self-motivation

When it comes to emotional intelligence, motivation refers to intrinsic motivation, which means that a person relies on motivating and developing himself and making his successes an important motivator for him instead of relying on others to motivate him, which may lead to stopping his life if the external motivation and praise by others stop.

4. social skills

Social skills refer to good interaction with others, and when a person reaches the first three points and succeeds in self-awareness, controlling his feelings and emotions, and motivating himself, he succeeds in forming relationships with others because he has reached a stage where he is comfortable and happy with himself and is thus ready to successfully deal with others and apply our understanding of our emotions and the emotions of others in daily interaction. Active listening, verbal and nonverbal communication skills, leadership, and relationship development are all examples of social skills.

5. Empathy

Empathy is defined as the ability to understand and respond to the feelings of others. This component is necessary for many aspects of life, including understanding new cultures and work environments, as well as preventing conflict and misunderstanding.

What is the importance of emotional intelligence?

As previously stated, the most successful individuals in life are not always the smartest. You may know people who are academically excellent but socially ineffective and unsuccessful at job or in personal relationships. This is because cognitive intelligence (IQ) is not enough to succeed in life, while it may help you get into college, for example, your emotional intelligence will help you handle stress and emotions when it comes time for your final examinations. Fortunately, developing emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence together produces the best results.

Emotional intelligence affects many aspects of life, such as:

1. Professional and academic performance

Higher emotional intelligence can aid you in navigating the social difficulties of the workplace, leading and motivating others, and achieving professional and academic success. In fact, when a large number of job candidates apply, many organizations now consider emotional intelligence to be just as significant as technical and cognitive ability.

2. Physical health

When a person is unable to manage their emotions, they may not be able to manage stress, which can lead to serious health problems. Stress increases blood pressure, suppresses the immune system, increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes, and speeds up the aging process. So, the first step toward improving emotional intelligence is learning how to manage stress.

3. Mental health

Uncontrolled emotions and stress can also have a negative impact on your mental health. As a result, you're more vulnerable to worry and despair. If you cannot understand, be comfortable with, or manage your emotions, you will find it difficult to develop strong bonds, which can lead to feelings of loneliness and isolation, as well as increase mental problems.

4. relationships

When you become aware of your feelings and are able to control them, you become more able to express them, and more understanding of what others are feeling, which allowing you to communicate more effectively and forge stronger relationships, both at work and in your personal life.

5. Social Intelligence

Your emotional intelligence and empathy also enhance your social intelligence, connecting you to other people and the world around you. No one can deny the importance of social intelligence, which allows you to distinguish friend from foe, realize the concern of others, reduce stress, balance your nervous system through social contact, and feel intimacy, love and happiness.

Building Emotional Intelligence: Four Essential Skills to enhance Your Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence, according to psychologists, is a skill that we may be born with, or we may develop it. As a result, the skills that make up emotional intelligence can be learned at any time. It is crucial to realize, though, that there is a difference between simply studying emotional intelligence and actually putting it to use in your life. Just because you know something does not mean you will do it, especially if you are already under a lot of stress. So, in order to change your behavior, you need learn to cope with stress and maintain emotional awareness.

The following are important skills to improve your emotional intelligence and your capacity to manage your emotions and communicate with others:

  • self-management.
  • self-conscious.
  • Social awareness.
  • Relationship management.

1. Self-management

In order to enhance your emotional intelligence, you must be able to use your emotions to make constructive decisions about your behavior. Because when you get very stressed, you may lose control of your emotions and the ability to act properly.

Consider how you act when you are nervous about something, whether it is work or something else. Do you have the ability to think clearly and make sensible decisions? Most certainly not, because being extremely stressed makes it impossible to think clearly and accurately about your own thoughts - and those of others. You will be able to take in anything annoying without allowing it to control you if you can manage tension and pay attention to your emotions. You'll also be able to make decisions that allow you to control impulsive emotions and behavior, appropriately regulate your emotions, take initiative, keep your promises, and adjust to changing circumstances.

2. Self-awareness

 Stress management is merely the first step towards building emotional intelligence. According to attachment theory, your current emotional experience may be a reflection of your early life experiences, and your ability to handle basic emotions like anger, sadness, fear, and joy is often influenced by the quality and consistency of your early emotional experiences. Your emotions will become essential and valued as you grow if your caregiver understands and values them when you were a newborn. If you have dangerous or difficult emotional experiences as a child, you will likely try to distance yourself from your feelings. Being able to connect with your feelings, on the other hand, is crucial to understanding how feelings influence your beliefs and behaviors.

You can achieve this by practicing mindfulness, which is the practice of intentionally focusing your attention on the present moment, without making any judgments. This can be done through prayer or meditation. Mindfulness helps shift your constant thinking to an appreciation of the present moment, and pay attention to your physical and emotional sensations. This makes you more aware of yourself and your thoughts and emotions.

3. Social awareness

Social awareness enables you to recognize the nonverbal cues that others constantly use to communicate with you. This allows you to understand how other people are feeling, how their emotional state changes from moment to moment, and what is important to them.

You should understand the importance of mindfulness in the social process if you wish to increase social awareness. When you are focused or thinking about other things, you cannot pick up on minor nonverbal cues. Being socially conscious necessitates being present in the moment. While many of us find pride in our ability to multitask, doing so means you will lose out on emotional shifts in others that can help you completely comprehend them.

Thus, you will be able to build social awareness by setting aside other thoughts and focusing on the interaction itself. Monitoring another person's emotional responses is an interactive process that also requires you to pay attention to changes in your emotions. It is worth noting that caring for others does not diminish your self-awareness at all. By investing the time and effort to truly pay attention to others, you will also gain insight into your own emotional state, values, and beliefs. For example, if you feel uncomfortable when people express certain points of view, you will have learned something important about yourself.

4. Relationship Management

Emotional awareness and the ability to notice and understand what others are feeling are essential for good interpersonal relationships. This allows you to acquire social and emotional abilities that will improve the effectiveness and impact of your interactions.

Be aware of how effectively you use nonverbal communication, because it is impossible to avoid sending nonverbal messages to others about your feelings and beliefs. In fact, facial muscles, especially those around the eyes, nose, mouth, and forehead, help you silently convey your feelings as well as read the emotional intentions of others. Recognizing the nonverbal messages you send to others plays a vital role in improving your relationships with them and the extent to which you influence them.

To relieve stress, use humor and play. Laughter and a sense of humor are natural stress relievers that help you keep things in order. Laughter also helps to regulate your nervous system, relieves stress, relaxes you, and makes you more empathic.

Learn to look at conflict as an opportunity to get closer to others. In human relationships, tensions, disagreements, and confrontations are unavoidable, and no two people can have the same demands, opinions, or expectations at all times. This, however, does not have to be a bad thing. Resolving disagreement in a healthy and productive manner can improve interpersonal trust. Finally, when conflict is not viewed as a threat or punishment, it encourages relational freedom, creativity, and safety in relationships.

In conclusion

Emotional intelligence is an essential way to improve your personal and work life, and your relationship with yourself and others. It exceptionally influences many aspects of life. If you are a spouse, a manager, a leader, an employee, a parent, a friend, you need to learn and develop this skill in order to improve your life and the lives of others. As Fyodor Dostoevsky said, “It requires more than intelligence to act intelligently.